Human Genetic Engineering Ethics


Whether people can effectively decide which holds more importance: statistics versus ethics, they are going to be put in a position where they have to choose, and soon. Genetic engineering is an unethical approach at altering DNA through technology. It all started in 1973, when biochemists from America figured out how to divide DNA into smaller segments, and put back the segments in a different order. Then, they inserted the modified DNA into E.coli bacteria which later reproduced. This procedure has been implemented into many things, one of the most popular being food. Genetic Engineering on food has been done to many foods, some of the most popular being; corn, apples, bananas, soybeans, strawberries, and many more. Genetically modified foods can be considered an incredible breakthrough in science, but can it also be considered a breakthrough that planted some much worse, an idea that can change the world for the bad? Is genetic engineering on humans too far?

In 2018, a biophysics researcher, He Jianku was sentenced to 3 years in prison after announcing the birth of two twin baby girls he altered the genes for resistance to HIV. This blew up as a breakthrough according to scientists, however society was appalled. This science advancement would also install a whole other level of “the rich get richer and the poor get poorer.” Once genetic engineering advances, it is going to be very pricey, and only few people will be able to afford the high costs. Resulting in the rich having the “perfect” genes. The “perfect” genes could include Artificial Intelligence like tendencies. Making people closer to “being” artificial intelligence than technology ever could. Overall, if everyone’s medical conditions were perfect, the world would overpopulate. And, once people find out they can alter their genetics, some people will want to make more drastic changes, rather than just for health benefits.

Now let’s look at another perspective. Once there is an advancement in genetic engineering, scientists will be able to further change peoples genetics for the better. This could solve incurable medical conditions before the baby is even born. Collectively, we would have healthier youth, and the average life span would rise. However, genetic engineering is expensive, meaning not everyone would have access to it. Technically, it could be regulated, but only to an extent, and if it is, realistically, how long will it last? Especially at this time, there are possible unknown side-effects which have potential to harm more than the initial cure.

The evolution of genetic engineering on humans would drastically change human nature in many ways, including lack of diversity. There is also a concern around the morals of this, other than the morals concerning humans, there are concerns with animals. As scientists are learning more around the altering of genetics, they are using animals as their trials. Some of these concerns include; the large amount of animals required, unknown effects, unknown side affect, and morals.

In conclusion, genetic altering progressing is inevitable. The world can only change if we turn into superheroes because of it, or super villains. Overall, for the best outcome, we need to start implementing a stricter set of guidelines with consequences regarding genetic altering on humans. If these rules and regulations aren’t set, then genome alterations will get out of hand, and they will go too far, and soon.